Fair Value Measurements
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements||
Fair Value Measurements
The Company follows ASC 825-10, Financial Instruments, which provides companies the option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value. ASC 825-10 also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between companies that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities and to more easily understand the effect of the Company’s choice to use fair value on its earnings. ASC 825-10 also requires entities to display the fair value of the selected assets and liabilities on the face of the balance sheet. The Company has not elected the ASC 825-10 option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value.
Financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets are categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy established by GAAP, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into the following levels:
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following tables set forth the fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, based on the three-tier fair value hierarchy:
Level I assets and liabilities include money-market funds not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”), deferred compensation liability, and the revolving credit facility. The Company periodically invests excess cash in money-market funds not insured by the FDIC. The Company believes that the investments in money market funds are on deposit with creditworthy financial institutions and that the funds are highly liquid. These money-market funds are considered Level 1 and are included in cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of the deferred compensation liability is based upon the daily quoted market prices for net asset value on the various funds selected by participants. Time deposit account fair values are determined by trade confirmations which mature daily and therefore are considered highly liquid investments. The outstanding balance on the revolving credit facility approximated fair value as the revolving credit facility bore interest at variable rates and we believe our credit risk quality was consistent with when the debt originated.
Level III liabilities consist of the estimated fair value of contingent consideration as well as the deferred compensation asset. The fair market value of the deferred compensation asset is based upon the cash surrender value of the life insurance premiums.
The fair value of the contingent consideration liabilities related to the FinaConnect and Wheelhouse acquisitions were estimated using a discounted cash flow method with significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represents a Level III fair value measurement as defined in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. The significant inputs in the Level III measurement not supported by market activity included our assessments of expected future cash flows related to our acquisitions of FinaConnect and Wheelhouse during the subsequent periods from the date of acquisition, appropriately discounted considering the uncertainties associated with the obligation, and calculated in accordance with the terms of the agreement.
The Company utilized a discounted cash flow method with expected future performance of FinaConnect and Wheelhouse, and their ability to meet the target performance objectives as the main driver of the valuation, to arrive at the fair values of their respective contingent consideration. The Company will continue to reassess the fair value of the contingent consideration for the Wheelhouse acquisition at each reporting date until settlement. During 2017, the FinaConnect contingent consideration liability was settled in the amount of $2,286. During 2018, Company paid Wheelhouse contingent consideration in the amount of $2,193. Changes to the estimated fair values of the contingent consideration will be recognized in earnings of the Company and included in general and administration on the consolidated statements of operations.
The table below presents a reconciliation of the assets to fund deferred compensation liability of which the Company measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level III) for the period from December 31, 2017 to December 31, 2018:
The asset value increased due to funding of the plan partially offset by immaterial losses on the underlying investment vehicles, which resulted in an asset value of $6,346 as of December 31, 2018, which is included in other non-current assets on the consolidated balance sheets.
The table below presents a reconciliation of contingent consideration liabilities of which the Company measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level III) for the period from December 31, 2017 to December 31, 2018:
The Company assesses categorization of assets and liabilities by level at each measurement date, and transfers between levels are recognized on the actual date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer, in accordance with the Company’s accounting policy regarding the recognition of transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy. There were no transfers between Levels I, II and III during the year ended December 31, 2018.
On December 15, 2014, the Company issued $172,500 of Convertible Notes due 2019. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the carrying value of the Convertible Notes due 2019 equaled $165,711 and $158,990, respectively, and represented the aggregate principal amount outstanding less the unamortized discount and debt issuance costs. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the estimated fair value of the Convertible Notes due 2019 was $174,101 and $180,180, respectively. The Company considered the Convertible Notes due 2019 to be a Level II liability as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and used a market approach to calculate the fair value. The estimated fair value was determined based on the estimated or actual bids and offers of the Convertible Notes due 2019 in an over-the-counter market on or near December 31, 2018 (see “Note 12 – Debt”).
On May 25, 2018, the Company issued $345,000 of Convertible Notes due 2023. As of December 31, 2018, the carrying value of the Convertible Notes due 2023 equaled $294,725, and represented the aggregate principal amount outstanding less the unamortized discount and debt issuance costs. As of December 31, 2018, the estimated fair value of the Convertible Notes due 2023 was $339,024. The Company considered the Convertible Notes due 2023 to be a Level II liability as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and used a market approach to calculate the fair value. The estimated fair value was determined based on the estimated or actual bids and offers of the Convertible Notes due 2023 in an over-the-counter market on or near December 31, 2018 (see “Note 12 – Debt”).
As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, there was $0 and $81,168, respectively, outstanding on the revolving credit facility under the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the outstanding balance on our revolving credit facility approximated fair value as the revolving credit facility bore interest at variable rates and we believed our credit risk quality was consistent with when the debt originated. The Company considered the revolving credit facility to be a Level I liability as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 (see “Note 12 – Debt”).
We consider the recorded value of our other financial assets and liabilities, which consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable, to approximate the fair value of the respective assets and liabilities at December 31, 2018 based upon the short-term nature of the assets and liabilities.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef